Not only is the forthcoming holiday a season for travelling and resting from lessons, but also the time of increased interest in taking up a job by young people. How to employ juvenile workers in accordance with provisions of the Labour Code, but without additional formal responsibilities?
A prospect of earning first ‘own’ money for a holiday adventure or to buy sport equipment attracts young people. Growing demand for workforce during the holiday season boosts companies' interest in employing juvenile workers. However, the juvenile job market is considered to be rather unattractive. The reasons of that are numerous e.g. employing a juvenile worker is highly restricted and obliges employers to meet additional formal requirements. The Polish Labour Law stipulates that children at the age of 15 may be employed, but full-time jobs are only for young people over the age of 16 who graduated from junior secondary school. Jobs which occupy young people's time needed for learning are out of the question. During a school year a teenager must not work longer than 12 hours a week, during school days - no more than 2 hours. In the holiday period it is possible to work up to – hours a day, but without crossing a weekly limit of 35 hours. The Labour Code restricts also what kind of job young people can undertake.
–Juvenile people can conduct only soft jobs, which are not hazardous to their health, life or psych-physical development and will not exceed their physical abilities. If an entrepreneur want to give a full-time job to a juvenile person who does not have any professional qualification, he/she is obliged to enter into contract for the purpose of vocational training – in this case restrictions imposed on the employer are severe, because they involve maximum protection of juvenile employees - explains Grażyna Chmielowska, Sales & Operational Director at Adecco Poland.
Apart from many restrictions, employing a juvenile person does not necessarily involve formal burdens or responsibilities for employers. Temporary work can solve this problem. In accordance with Act on 9 July 2003 on the Employment of Temporary Workers, agencies are entitled to employ juveniles.
-Employment agencies can engage youngsters on the grounds of civil law contracts such as: mandate contract, contract for specific work. The advantage is that above-mentioned forms of employment are not burdened with unnecessary formalities and young people have short-term contracts for soft jobs and seasonal work – says Grażyna Chmielowska, Adecco Poland.
The most popular holiday jobs among juvenile workers are vacancies in gastronomy, leafleting , or working at promotional-sales campaigns conducting by e.g. travel agencies. Via agencies teenagers can also earn extra money by working at a packaging process e.g. putting mobile phone into boxes, packing gadgets with newspapers/magazines etc.
-We predict that in this year there will be more vacancies than during last holiday. However, the increase does not concern a number of vacancies available on the job market, but the proportion of companies which look for employees via temporary work agencies – claims Grażyna Chmielowska.