Many Poles who emigrated to work abroad after the opening of boarders are afraid to go back to Poland, the main reason being that there is a high unemployment rate and it is difficult to find a job here. However, the time to debunk that myth has just come.
Rumours about young Poles coming back home have become fact. According to approximate data, for the last two years about half a million compatriots, who worked abroad, have returned home. However, we will have to wait for more exact information. The Ministry of Labour and Social Policy reports that the most reliable source of information about return migration after 2004 will be the report gathering results of the National Census of Population and Housing. Preliminary results will be known at the beginning of July. Till then the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy based on the data published by GUS in the Demographic Yearbook of Poland. According to it the number of Poles who temporary left abroad for more than 3 month in 2008 constituted 88.3 thousand people, but in 2009 there were 68.8 thousand (data for 2010 has not been revealed yet). The number of people having polish citizenship who returned to Poland (registered for permanent residency for longer than 3 months) in the years 2008-2009 constituted respectively 4.7 thousand and 5.6 thousand people. Apart from administrative statistical data, GUS prepares figures concerning migration based on the Labour Force Survey in Poland (BAEL). According to ‘Information on size and direction of emigration from Poland in the years 2004-2009’ in 2008 a group of 2210 thousand Poles temporary emigrated (for longer than 3 months), which constituted a decrease of 60 thousands in comparison with the previous year. In 2009 there were still a downward trend, the number of emigrants lowered to 1870 thousand. This leads us to the conclusion that decreasing emigration in consecutive years results in increasing number of returners to Poland.
Support for labour-related emigrants
The effects of the global recession caused by the financial crisis and the need for increasing professional activity of Poles are the main challenges of polish economy. The National Action Plan for Employment 2009-2011 enacted by Council of Ministers determines measures that should be undertaken in this case. Within the measure ‘Creating Migration Policy for Employment' no task which concerns returning Poles from labour-related emigration has been distinguished - it means that re-emigrants have the same rights as Polish unemployed people or those who look for a job in Poland. Nevertheless, since 2008 some measures aiming to support the returners have been undertaken. In October 2008 'Powrotnik’ as a navigator for people who returned from abroad was published. The navigator helps to overcome formal and administrative problems which may occur after the return. There is also a website www.powroty.gov.pl where you can find updated and deepen information from 'Powrotnik'. Certain measures have been introduced aiming to support education of re-emigrants' children, introduction of so-called tax abolition and organization of training courses for employees of public employment service who deal with re-emigrants.
There are difficulties! There is a solution!
What is concluded from the report ‘Return of Poles During the Economic Crisis - The Migration Trap’ emigrants with vocational or secondary education after returning to Poland start looking for a job in their profession... and they usually cannot find any. The problem with integration with the job market in this group is a result of its inflexible character. However, emigrants with higher education fall into a trap of having a gap in their life history, because of working abroad far below their qualification. A sensible solution to this problem can be temporary work. Agencies help to determine directions of development including further steps in professional career. Temporary work is a chance to professional reactivation, mostly for people who had a long break in employment. A great number of such people are re-emigrants.
-All parties of such cooperation benefit from it. Employers without engaging in complex recruitment processes can employ workers who conduct given tasks at a certain level of expertise. Taxation is also more favourable. All legal-public expenses are paid by agencies, not by employers. Employers are not obliged to make any down payments on account of the tax for employees, and do not have to issue PIT-11 after the end of a labour contract with a temporary worker. Remuneration paid to a temporary work agency is a tax deductible expense for an entrepreneur who employs a temporary worker. Such costs can be classified as indirect expenses of a company. Moreover a company employing a temporary worker do not have to keep wage sheets and other registers for the tax office or ZUS (Social Insurance Board). Obligations and responsibilities connected with the recruitment process and human resources service are fulfilled by an agency. Businessmen are exempt from keeping unbearable personal documentation (wage sheets, down payments, ZUS declarations) and accounting for with public institution. An employee has a chance to gain necessary experience, obtain practical knowledge, which enable him to overcome barriers of not being successful in finding a job. This contributes to vocational re-activation of people - lists Grażyna Chmielowska, Sales & Opertional Director at Adecco Poland.
In many cases, after being employed as a temporary worker, people find a permanent job. According to the market reports, temporary work agencies increase employees' chances on the job market. Nowadays in Poland the percentage of people who find a stable job constitutes 20% of all employees working via agencies.
-Companies prefer to employ a trained and qualified person who knows the company and its way of conducting business. It is very convenient form of training future staff and an effective way to develop structures - explains Grażyna Chmielowska.
Employing recruitment specialist specialized in employing specialists makes sense.
Data concerning the national development of the temporary work market (increase in 26% in 2011,) shows that companies learn about how many advantages gives temporary work. Entrepreneurs are very appreciative of its merits e.g. quick and effective reactions to changes in the economic situation or flexible staff adjustment to current needs of a company. Whereas employees are satisfied with a quicker recruitment process, specialist training courses and professional consultancy concerning employment issues.
-This leads us to the conclusion that the role of employment agencies on the job market in Poland will increase and people returning from abroad will easier navigate themselves on the polish job market - summarizes Grażyna Chmielowska.